**MATHEMATICS 9 – FOUNDATIONS**** **

Prerequisite: Math 8

The Math 9 curriculum is an extension of the concepts started in Math 8. The Big Ideas include work around the principles and processes underlying operations with numbers, computational fluency and flexibility, representations of continuous linear relationships, proportional relationships, and the analysis of the validity, reliability, and representation of data. The course will be taught with inclusion of problem solving throughout and will employ the use of mathematical modeling in the learning process. Math 9 is a required course for all grade 9 students.

**MATHEMATICS 10 **

As students enter Math 10, they will need to decide which math pathway is appropriate for their future goals. Below is a list describing the 3 pathways:

**WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS – GRADE 10-12**

This pathway is specifically designed to provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical-thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades and for direct entry into the work force post-secondary.

**MATHEMATICS – FOUNDATIONS – GRADE 10 – 12**

This pathway is designed for entry into post-secondary programs such as Arts or Humanities that do not require the study of theoretical calculus.

**PRE-CALCULUS – GRADE 10 – 12**

This pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary programs such as Science or Engineering that require the study of theoretical calculus.

**WORKPLACE MATH 10 **

This course is for students who have chosen the Workplace Pathway. Topics include Big Ideas such as proportions, operations, mathematical modeling, angle relationships and data analysis. Specific units include computational fluency through puzzles and games, graphing, trigonometry, unit conversions, surface area and volume, central tendency, experimental probability and financial literacy.

**FOUNDATIONS AND PRE-CALCULUS MATH 10 **

For Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-Calculus Pathways

This course is for students who have chosen either the Foundations pathway or the Pre-Calculus pathway. Topics include Big Ideas such as proportional comparisons, operations on algebraic expressions and polynomials, linear relationships, and trends in data. Specific topics include integral exponents, graphing relationships in data, linear relations and linear systems, multiplication and factoring of polynomials, trigonometry, experimental probability, and financial literacy. It is strongly recommended that students who take this course have minimally achieved a C+ in Math 9 with a work habit of G or better.

**WORKPLACE MATH 11 **

Prerequisite: Workplace Mathematics 10

This course is specifically designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for entry into the majority of trades at post-secondary and for direct entry into the work force. Topics include algebra, geometry, measurement, number, statistics and probability.

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATH 11 **

Prerequisite: Foundations and Pre-calculus 10

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that do not require the study of theoretical calculus like Economics, Geography, Arts or Humanities. Topics in this Pathway include scale models, mathematical reasoning, angle relationships, quadratic functions, systems of equations, statistics and financial math.

**PRE-CALCULUS 11 **

Prerequisite: Foundations and Pre-calculus 10

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for entry into post-secondary programs that require the study of theoretical calculus like Sciences or Engineering. Topics include algebra and number, measurement, relations and functions, trigonometry, permutations, combinations and the binomial theorem. A small number of students will choose this pathway because of the higher-level topics included in it.

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATH 12 **

Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics 11

This course is a continuation of the Foundations Pathway that began with FOM 11. Students continue to work towards preparing for fields like Economics, Geography, Arts or Humanities.

**PRE-CALCULUS 12 **

Prerequisite: Pre-calculus 11

This course is a continuation of the Pre-Calculus Pathway that began with PREC 11. Students continue to work towards preparing for fields in the Sciences or Engineering.

**CALCULUS 12**** **

Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus Math 11 with a high “A” and excellent work habits.

Co-requisite: Pre-Calculus 12 in Semester 1, however completion of PC 12 prior to beginning Calculus 12 is recommended. If Pre-Calculus 12 is being taken concurrently, Calculus 12 will be a less intense option than AP Calculus. Topics offered include the theory of limits, differentiation, integration of area, and practical problems involving these skills and techniques. Students who succeed will be very well prepared for any University entry level Calculus course.

**ADVANCED PLACEMENT – AP**

**AP CALCULUS 12**

Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus Math 11 with a high “A” and excellent work habits.

Co-requisite: Pre-Calculus 12 in Semester 1, however completion of PC 12 prior to beginning AP Calculus is highly recommended instead. This is a CHALLENGING course that will prepare students for and may also award first year university credit to those that get a high enough score on the Advanced Placement exam. Topics include all of Calculus 12, as well as volumes of rotation, slope fields and the use of technology to help solve applied problems. Pre-Calculus 12 may also be taken concurrently with AP Calculus by exceptionally capable students.

A TI 84 calculator is needed as it is required on the AP exam.